Production Planning With SAP APO

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SAP PRESS is a joint initiative of SAP and Galileo Press. The know-how offered by SAP specialists combined with the expertise of the Galileo Press publishing house offers the reader expert books in the field. SAP PRESS features first-hand information and expert advice, and provides useful skills for professional decision-making. SAP PRESS offers a variety of books on technical and business related topics for the SAP user. user. For further information, please visit our website: http://www.sap-press.com.. http://www.sap-press.com Dickersbach, Keller Production Planning and Control with SAP 2011, app. 515 pp. 978-1-59229-360-5 Blumöhr, Münch, Ukalovic Blumöhr, Variant Configuration with SAP 2010, 541 pp. 978-1-59229-283-7 Hoppe, Gulyassy, Isermann, Köhler Materials Planning with SAP 2010, 564 pp. 978-1-59229-259-2 Marc Hoppe Inventory Optimization with SAP, SAP, Second Edition 2008, 705 pp. 978-1-59229-205-9

 Jochen Balla and Frank Layer

Production Planning with SAP  APO ®

Bonn



  Boston

Notes on Usage This e-book is protected by copyright. By purchasing this e-book, you have agreed to accept and adhere to the copyrights. You are entitled to use this e-book for personal purposes. You may print and copy it, too, but also only for personal use. Sharing an electronic or printed copy with others, however, however, is not permitted, neither as a whole nor in parts. Of course, making them available on the Internet or in a company network is illegal as well. For detailed and legally binding usage conditions, please refer to the section Legal Notes.. Notes This e-book copy contains a digital watermark, a signature that indicates which person may use this copy:

Copy No. yjxe-ibh2-ma43-v6tf  for personal use of  Ram C [email protected]

Imprint This e-book is a publication many contributed to, specifically: Editors Patricia Kremer and Frank Paschen English Edition Editor Meg Dunkerley Translation Lemoine International, Inc., Salt Lake City, UT Copyeditor Lori Newhouse Cover Design Graham Geary Photo Credit Getty Images/Allan Shoemake Production E-Book Graham Geary Typesetting E-Book Publishers’ Design and Production Services, Inc.

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The Library of Congress has cataloged the printed edition as follows: Balla, Jochen. [Produktionsplanung mit SAP APO. English] Production Planning with SAP APO / Jochen Balla, Frank Layer. — 2nd ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. ISBN-13: 978-1-59229-354-4 (alk. paper) ISBN-10: 1-59229-354-9 (alk. paper) 1. Production planning—Data processing. 2. APO. I. Layer Layer,, Frank. II. Title. TS155.6.B34 2010 658.5’03—dc22 2010021986

ISBN 978-1-59229-354-4 (print) ISBN 978-1-59229-711-5 (e-book) ISBN 978-1-59229-712-2 (print and e-book) © 2011 by Galileo Press Inc., Boston (MA) 2nd edition 2011 2nd German edition published 2010 by Galileo Press, Bonn, Germany

Contents Introduction .................................. ..................................................................... ............................................... ............

1

An Overview of Planning with SAP SCM .............. .................... ...... 17 1.1 1.2

2

SAP SCM ...................................................................... ................................... ................................... SAP APO ................................... ...................................................................... ...................................

17 19

An Overview of Production Planning with SAP ECC and APO-PP/DS ............... ................................ ................................. ........................... ........... 23 2.1 2. 1

2.2

2.3 2.4

3

13

Production Planning Functions ................................ ...................................... ...... 2.1 2. 1.1 Materiall Requiremen Materia Requirements ts Plannin Planning g ...... ........... ........... ............ ...... 2.1 2. 1.2 Multilevel Planning .............................. .......................................... ............ 2.1 2. 1.3 Material Planning and Capacity Planning .......... Advanced Production Planning with APO-PP/DS .......... 2.2.1 2.2. 1 Requirements Planning with Exact Times .......... 2.2.2 Descriptive Characteristics ................................ 2.2.3 Simultaneo Simultaneous us Quantity and Capacity Planning ... 2.2.4 Production Planning Runs with Several Steps ... 2.2.5 Pegging and Control of the Material Flow ......... 2.2.6 Determining the Source of Supply and Cost-Based Planning ................................... ......................................... ...... 2.2.7 Advanced Alert Handling .................................. 2.2.8 Advanced Options in Capacity Planning ........... 2.2.9 Simple Options for Enhancement with Custom Functions and Heuristics .................................. Planning in SAP APO and Execution in SAP ECC ........... Summary ................................... ...................................................................... ...................................

23 24 27 29 32 33 33 34 34 35 37 39 41 44 44 46

The APO Core Interface .............. .............................. ................................. ................. 47 3.1 3. 1

Design of the CIF .......................................................... 3.1 3. 1.1 Plug-In ................................ ............................................................. ............................. 3.1 3. 1.2 Connecting the Systems Using RFC ................... 3.1 3. 1.3 APO-Specific Settings ................................. ....................................... ......

47 48 51 54

7

Contents

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

4

Master Data ................ ................................ ................................. ................................. ................ 105 4.1 4.1 4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

8

The Principle of Master Data Transfer ............................ 60 3.2.1 3.2. 1 Initial Transfer of Master Data .......................... 63 3.2.2 Transferring New APO-Relevant Master Data .............................. ................................................................ .................................... 75 3.2.3 Change Transfer of Master Data ........................ 77 The Principle of Transaction Data Transfer ..................... ... .................. 87 3.3.1 3.3. 1 Transaction Data in ECC and APO ..................... 88 3.3.2 Initial and Change Transfers for Transaction Data .............................. ................................................................ .................................... 89 3.3.3 Tr Transfer ansfer of Tr Transaction ansaction Data from APO to ECC .. 92 CIF Monitoring ................................ ............................................................. ............................. 95 3.4.1 3.4. 1 The Principle of qRFC ....................................... 96 3.4.2 Tools for Troubleshooting Transfer Errors .......... 99 3.4.3 Eliminating Transfer Errors ................................ 101 Summary ................................... ...................................................................... ................................... 103

Mapping Principle ........................................................ .................................................. ...... Locations ................................... ...................................................................... ................................... 4.2.1 4.2. 1 Transferring Plants and Distribution Centers ..... 4.2.2 Storage Location MRP Areas ............................ 4.2.3 Customers and Vendo Vendors rs .............................. .................................... ...... 4.2.4 External Procureme Procurement nt Relationships and Transportation Lanes .................................. ........................................ ...... Products .............................. ................................................................. ......................................... ...... 4.3.1 4.3. 1 Header Data .............................. ..................................................... ....................... 4.3.2 ATP Settings .............................. ..................................................... ....................... 4.3.3 Requirements Settings ................................ ...................................... ...... 4.3.4 Lot Size Settings ............................................... 4.3.5 Additional Settings ............................... ........................................... ............ Resources .................................. ..................................................................... ................................... 4.4.1 4.4. 1 Resources in APO ................................. ............................................. ............ 4.4.2 APO Resource Data .......................................... Production Data Structures and Production Process Models ......................................................................... 4.5.1 4.5. 1 PPM, RTO, PDS, and APO Releases .................. 4.5.2 Release-Dependent Notes for RTO or PDS ...... 4.5.3 PPM and PDS Structures ..................................

105 1 05 106 107 109 110 112 114 116 116 117 118 120 121 121 123 124 124 125 127

Contents

4.6 4.7

5

4.5.4 Transfer from ECC ............................................. 129 Mass Changes to APO Master Data ............................... 132 Summary ...................................................................... 134

Basic Functions of Production Planning ..................... 135 5.1

5.2

5.3

5.4

5.5 5.6

5.7

5.8

5.9

Basic Settings ................................................................ 5.1.1 CIF Integration ................................................. 5.1.2 Global Settings .......................................

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